Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Causes of cervical cancer:
Infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). It may be transmitted through sexual intercourse.
Some studies have found a link between smoking and cervical cancer.
Weakness of the immune system.
Symptoms of cervical cancer :
In general, early-stage cervical cancer does not cause any signs or symptoms. More advanced cervical cancer signs and symptoms include:
Vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause.
Constant vaginal secretions.
Weight loss and general fatigue.
Diagnosis of cervical cancer:
Examination of the Pap smear microscopically
Clinical examination and colposcopy
Sometimes the doctor needs to take a Biopsy of cervical cells and their laboratory and microscopic examination.
Prevention of cervical cancer:
Every female is advised to do a Pap smear every one to two years, this helps detect any changes in the cells of the cervix.
Taking vaccination against the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
Periodic examinations for early detection of the tumor.