Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world, which causes many health complications for its sufferers, due to the exposure of body tissues to high blood sugar levels as a result of the impact of small or large blood vessels, and long-term complications develop gradually .The longer the injury lasts and may lead to disability or life-threatening,
Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular diseases pose a lot of risks of various cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease that leads to poor blood flow to the feet and may lead to finger or foot amputation
- Kidney disease and urinary tract infections, leading to kidney failure
- Retinopathy and infections of the conjunctiva and cornea with the possibility of cataracts and glaucoma (glaucoma)
- Peripheral neuritis, which causes tingling or numbness and pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward and if left untreated. Damage to the nerves related to digestion also causes problems such as nausea, diarrhea or constipation
- For men, this may lead to erectile dysfunction
- Diabetes may make you more likely to develop skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.
Therefore, it is recommended to follow diabetic patient carefully, proper control of HBA1C in proportion to the age group and health status of the patient specially in the presence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular and kidney diseases in line with the recommendations of international societies for management of diabetes .
Source: Prof. Dr.Abeer Ahmed
Consultant Endocrinology & Diabetes