What is Psoriasis?
It is a chronic immune disease that affects the skin. It appears in the form of prominent red spots and silvery scales, sometimes accompanied by itching.
It is known to us that the nature of the skin is renewed every 3-4 weeks, but in the case of psoriasis, this process takes approximately 3-7 days, meaning that people with psoriasis have an excessive production of skin cells, which results in an accumulation in the layers of the skin.
White blood cells (T-cells) work to defend the body by fighting germs, but in psoriasis, T cells mistakenly attack healthy body cells, stimulating the skin to produce healthy skin cells faster than usual.
Types of psoriasis
1. Layered psoriasis (flat psoriasis): the most common and appears on the elbows, knees, lower back and scalp.
2. Guttate psoriasis: It affects young people and children and is often irritated by bacterial infection.
3. Inverse psoriasis: It appears in the folds of the skin such as the armpits, thighs and under the breast.
4. Nail psoriasis.
5. Erythrodermic psoriasis.
6. Pustular psoriasis.
7. Psoriasis Arthritis
Psoriasis can affect everyone, but there are factors that may increase the risk of infection:
1. Family history.
2. Psychological stress.
3. Smoking and tobacco products.
5. Some types of medicines.
1. Topical treatment for mild cases such as steroid creams, vitamin D, vitamin A and salicylic acid.
2. Phototherapy for moderate cases using ultraviolet rays.
3. Oral medications for acute cases: (Methotrexate) (Cyclosporine).
4. Biological therapy: which constituted an important breakthrough in the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis, which is antibodies that bind to the specific protein (Interleukin 17, Interleukin 23) (which causes inflammation in psoriasis.
According to the Dermatologist Specialist at AGH Dammam, Dr. Fatima Abdul Malik:
A large number of psoriasis patients underwent biological treatment, through which they were given the drug (Skyrizi) by injecting pre-filled needles under the skin, where the first dose was in the first week and the second dose in the fourth week, then a dose every 12 weeks.
It was observed that all patients who used this treatment had symptoms disappear and clear skin by (90% – 100%) within 16 weeks of starting to use this treatment.
Dr.. Fatima Abdul Malik Omar